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This is the tenth volume in the series of Memorial Tributes compiled by the National Academy of Engineering as a personal remembrance of the lives and outstanding achievements of its members and international members. These volumes are intended to stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineers and engineering to the benefit of humankind. In most cases, the authors of the tributes are contemporaries or colleagues who had personal knowledge of the interests and the engineering accomplishments of the deceased.
BY ANTHONY J.DEMARIA
H.JOSEPH GERBER, founder, board chairman, former chief executive officer, and president of Gerber Scientific, Inc. of South Windsor, Connecticut, died August 8, 1996, at a hospital in Hartford, Connecticut. He was seventy-two years old.
Joe was born on April 7, 1924, in Vienna, Austria. He became a U.S. citizen in 1945. He was imprisoned in a Nazi labor camp at age fifteen, and came to the United States from Vienna about 1940. He arrived with few possessions and without a strong command of English. He graduated from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York, with a B.S. degree in aeronautical engineering in 1946. He started inventing new measurement and calculation tools while in college. In 1948 Joe founded Gerber Scientific with about $3,000. The company, based in South Windsor, Connecticut, now employees about 28,000 people and had revenues of just under $600 million in fiscal year 1999. He is survived by his wife, whom he married in 1953, a son, who is a director and a vice-president of business development and technology strategy at Gerber Scientific, and a daughter. Mr. Gerber is a classic rags-to-tech-riches story. He had over 648 U.S. and foreign patents issued in his name.
As a junior at Rensselaer, he invented a graphical numerical computer called the Gerber Variable Scale. At the time, it was called the most revolutionary engineering tool since the slide rule. It was the first product to launch the Gerber Scientific Instrument Company. For nearly five decades, Joe Gerber was the driving force behind Gerber Scientific’s evolution from a one-product company to a major supplier of intelligent manufacturing systems. Today, Gerber Scientific, Inc. comprises the following wholly owned subsidiaries:
• Gerber Coburn, the world leader in ophthalmic lens processing systems.
• Gerber Scientific Products, the world leader in the development and manufacture of computerized sign making and specialty graphics systems, software, materials, and accessories.
• Spandex, the leading global distributor of high-performance software and equipment for the sign making and specialty graphics industry.
• Gerber Technology, the world leader in advanced computer-aided design and manufacturing systems for producing industrial, commercial, and retail sewn goods.
• Gerber Innovations, the world leader in steel rule die production systems for the packaging industry.
On September 14, 1994, H.Joseph Gerber was awarded our nation’s highest honor for technological achievement, the National Medal of Technology, for his contributions toward advancing manufacturing technology through his many inventions and for his significant contributions to our nation’s economic competitiveness. The citation for Mr. Gerber’s award reads: “For his past and continuing technical leadership in the invention, development and commercialization of manufacturing automation systems for a wide variety of industries—most notably apparel— that have made those industries more efficient and cost-effective in today’s worldwide competitive environment.” The award was bestowed by Vice President Al Gore.
In nominating Mr. Gerber for the award, Roland W.Schmitt, president emeritus of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, said, “It is my belief that this dynamic individual embodies the very essence of what the award represents; he is a prolific inventor, a successful entrepreneur, and a highly accomplished engineer.”
On June 8, 1995, Joe Gerber was awarded Connecticut’s first Annual Connecticut Medal of Technology. Professor D.Allan Bromley of Yale University, chairman of the selection committee, stated that Mr. Gerber was presented Connecticut’s First Medal of Technology Award for “His extraordinary achievements in commercialization of technology in one or more of the areas of process and product innovation management that has made a significant difference in Connecticut’s industrial competitiveness.”
For nearly a quarter of a century, Mr. Gerber made exceptional technological contributions that rank among the milestones in the history of the textile industry. The innovation for which Joe Gerber is best known is the GERBERcutter®, which automatically cuts large quantities of material with a computer controlled knife and is considered to be the industries single most important advancement in this century. The American Apparel Manufacturer’s Association has stated that the GERBERcutter® was a significant weapon in the apparel industry’s ongoing fight for market share against low-wage imports. Furthermore, his inventions played a major role in allowing the apparel industry to maintain a large and diverse domestic production base, providing jobs for thousands of Americans.
In addition to the invention of the Variable Scale graphical computer in the 1940s, he also invented the Derivemeter, which gives the derivative of a graph or curve, the Equameter, which gives the equation of a curve, and the Graph Analogue, an improved version of the variable scale in the 1950s.
The first production unit of the GERBERcutter® is now in the possession of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. The unit was originally sold to General Motors Fisher Body Division in 1970 and for more than twenty-two years was in continuous operation cutting car seat covers and other soft goods for automobile interiors. Three of Mr. Gerber’s original scientific instruments are also in the permanent collection of the National Museum of American History. All three artifacts—the Variable Scale, Graph Analogue, and Derivemeter—were on display in the museum exhibition titled “Information Age: People, Information, and Society” in 1994.
In recognition of his technical contributions, Joe Gerber was awarded an honorary doctor of engineering degree by the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1981 and by the University of New Haven in 1990. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1982. His citation read: “By combining pragmatism with imagination, and hard work with optimism, he has become one of American’s most prolific and successful inventors.” He was elected to membership of the Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering in 1983. He was a recipient of the Connecticut Patent Law Association’s Tenth Annual Eli Whitney Award in 1980, the Holden Medal for his outstanding contribution to the advancement of technology in the apparel industry in 1983, the ORT Science and Technology Award in 1988, the Lifetime Achievement Award in Entrepreneurial Management in 1989, and the Companion Membership Award of the Textile Institute in 1993.
Dr. Gerber served on the board of directors of the following organizations: Boston Digital Corporation in Milford, Massachusetts; Beta Engineering and Development Ltd., Been Sheva, Israel; and the Phoenix Mutual Insurance Company in Hartford, Connecticut. He was a trustee for the Hartford Graduate Center in Hartford, and an honoree trustee of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York.