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This is the 19th Volume in the series Memorial Tributes compiled by the National Academy of Engineering as a personal remembrance of the lives and outstanding achievements of its members and international associates. These volumes are intended to stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineers and engineering to the benefit of humankind. In most cases, the authors of the tributes are contemporaries or colleagues who had personal knowledge of the interests and the engineering accomplishments of the deceased. Through its members and international associates, the Academy carries...
This is the 19th Volume in the series Memorial Tributes compiled by the National Academy of Engineering as a personal remembrance of the lives and outstanding achievements of its members and international associates. These volumes are intended to stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineers and engineering to the benefit of humankind. In most cases, the authors of the tributes are contemporaries or colleagues who had personal knowledge of the interests and the engineering accomplishments of the deceased. Through its members and international associates, the Academy carries out the responsibilities for which it was established in 1964.
Under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering was formed as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. Members are elected on the basis of significant contributions to engineering theory and practice and to the literature of engineering or on the basis of demonstrated unusual accomplishments in the pioneering of new and developing fields of technology. The National Academies share a responsibility to advise the federal government on matters of science and technology. The expertise and credibility that the National Academy of Engineering brings to that task stem directly from the abilities, interests, and achievements of our members and international associates, our colleagues and friends, whose special gifts we remember in this book.
BY KENT KRESA
THOMAS VICTOR JONES, former Northrop Corporation chairman, chief executive officer, and president who led the company to the top tier of the defense industry, died on January 7, 2014, at age 93.
He is remembered as among the last of the true mavericks whose names became synonymous with their corporations, a bold visionary who took daring risks and whose commitment to innovation ignited a transition that both significantly grew the company and influenced the direction of the Cold War. His vision lived in his company’s innovative aircraft, many of which continue to protect and project freedom around the world.
Born on July 21, 1920, in Pomona, California, Tom graduated magna cum laude from Stanford University in 1942 with a bachelor’s degree in aeronautical engineering. He received an honorary doctor of laws degree in 1967 from George Washington University and an honorary doctor of science degree in 1990 from Northrop University.
He began his career in 1941 as an engineer with Douglas Aircraft Company and remained there until 1947, when he began work for the Brazilian government as technical advisor to the Air Ministry in Rio de Janeiro. At the same time, he held the post of professor and department head at the Aeronautical Institute of Technology of Brazil. In 1951 he joined the staff of the Rand Corporation, scientific advisors to the US Air Force and other entities.
While there he directed and wrote a widely used logistical study, Capabilities and Operating Cost of Possible Future Transport Airplanes (Rand Report R-249, 1953). He joined Northrop in 1953 as assistant to the chief engineer, and his progress to the top of the company was swift. In 1958 he was named senior vice president for development planning and he was elected president of the company in 1959, chief executive officer in 1960, and chair of the board in 1963.
He served in all three leadership capacities until 1975 and retired in 1990. During those 37 years he nurtured and grew a solid but relatively small manufacturer of tactical fighter aircraft into a company involved in key national strategic and tactical defense programs, holding a prominent position in several market areas. From 1959 to 1988, company sales grew from $263 million to $5.8 billion.
Along the way, Tom graced the cover of Time magazine and counted world leaders and other giants of industry as colleagues and friends. A hallmark of Tom’s approach was to commit company funds to the resources necessary to deliver advanced-technology products that combined capability, quality, reliability, and economy. During the 1980s alone, Northrop invested more than $2.5 billion in facilities and equipment to achieve increases in productivity, set new standards of quality, and reduce costs to customers.
The company’s success during his tenure and beyond speaks for itself. Among the numerous significant developments he oversaw were the following aircraft:
• The F-5, a supersonic fighter combining low cost, ease of maintenance, and great versatility. Northrop delivered the first fighter to the US Air Force in 1964 and went on to develop several versions of the plane. Militaries in more than 30 countries would use this aircraft.
• The T-38 supersonic trainer, used to train tens of thousands of pilots for the US Air Force and other nations’ forces.
• The YF-17 Cobra, which led to the F/A-18 Hornet, the US Navy’s frontline carrier-based strike fighter. Northrop Grumman is the principal subcontractor to the Boeing Company for this aircraft, and the F/A-18, in updated configurations, is still manufactured today.
• The B-2 Spirit stealth bomber, the only US aircraft that combines long range, large payload, and stealth in a single platform, giving it the ability to project air power anywhere in the world. This is the flagship of the nation’s long-range-strike arsenal. Its stealth enables it to penetrate the most sophisticated defenses. The B-2 has demonstrated its capabilities in several combat scenarios, most recently during Operation Iraqi Freedom and, in Libya, Operation Odyssey Dawn.
In addition to his full-time Northrop responsibilities, Tom was a member of the board of governors of the Aerospace Industries Association until 1989, served as its chairman in 1985, and in 1990 was appointed a member of the honorary advisory committee to the board of governors. He was an honorary fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and in 1985 received its Reed Aeronautics Award, the institute’s highest honor.
He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1986, and the National Aeronautic Association awarded him the Wright Brothers Memorial Trophy in 1989. He served as a director of the Los Angeles World Affairs Council and was among the founders of the Music Center of Los Angeles County. He also belonged to the California Round Table and the Nature Conservancy of California.
Tom’s retirement in September 1990 brought to a close a remarkable, even legendary, career. He reached heights and achieved results others could not have accomplished given twice the time. He could have retreated into retirement and lived his life quietly had he wished. For him, though, retirement simply meant striving to succeed in another area of interest, and, true to form, he did. In 1959 he had purchased a home in the Bel Air section of Los Angeles that had belonged to Victor Fleming, director of Gone with the Wind and The Wizard of Oz.
Upon leaving the company he had nurtured and grown, Tom turned his attention to the grapes he had begun planting in 1978 and developed the highly regarded Moraga Vineyards wines, thus achieving success in a “second career” that he loved. Tom Jones achieved a full life well lived. Whether he was transforming a company or developing wines, he accomplished great things by committing, nurturing, and growing.
His influence on aerospace and defense is permanent; the aircraft he championed have protected people in all corners of the world and directly influenced future generations of highly sophisticated systems. Today, the company he helmed is creating products he could only have dreamed of, but they would not have been possible without him.
His wife of 67 years, Ruth, died in 2013. He is survived by son Peter Jones, daughter Ruth Marilyn Jones, brother George Jones, sister Margaret Whyte, and two grandchildren.