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This is the 19th Volume in the series Memorial Tributes compiled by the National Academy of Engineering as a personal remembrance of the lives and outstanding achievements of its members and international associates. These volumes are intended to stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineers and engineering to the benefit of humankind. In most cases, the authors of the tributes are contemporaries or colleagues who had personal knowledge of the interests and the engineering accomplishments of the deceased. Through its members and international associates, the Academy carries...
This is the 19th Volume in the series Memorial Tributes compiled by the National Academy of Engineering as a personal remembrance of the lives and outstanding achievements of its members and international associates. These volumes are intended to stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineers and engineering to the benefit of humankind. In most cases, the authors of the tributes are contemporaries or colleagues who had personal knowledge of the interests and the engineering accomplishments of the deceased. Through its members and international associates, the Academy carries out the responsibilities for which it was established in 1964.
Under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering was formed as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. Members are elected on the basis of significant contributions to engineering theory and practice and to the literature of engineering or on the basis of demonstrated unusual accomplishments in the pioneering of new and developing fields of technology. The National Academies share a responsibility to advise the federal government on matters of science and technology. The expertise and credibility that the National Academy of Engineering brings to that task stem directly from the abilities, interests, and achievements of our members and international associates, our colleagues and friends, whose special gifts we remember in this book.
BY ROLAND N. HORNE
MARSHALL B. STANDING, a research engineer at Standard Oil Company of California (now Chevron) and professor of petroleum engineering at Stanford University, died November 13, 2010. He was 97.
He received his BS from the University of Utah (1936) and MS (1937) and PhD (1941) from the University of Michigan, all in chemical engineering. After joining the Standard Oil Company in 1941 as a research engineer, he became head of the production research effort in 1943 and continued in research until 1963.
He was then transferred to the corporate production staff, where he served until 1973 as an engineering consultant for reservoir engineering and formed and operated the company’s in-house reservoir engineering schools. In 1973 he retired to accept a visiting professorship of petroleum engineering at the University of Trondheim in Norway. After 18 months there, he joined the faculty of Stanford University.
Long active in the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), Dr. Standing received the SPE Lester C. Uren Award in 1965. In 1977 he received the Anthony F. Lucas Gold Medal from the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers (AIME), in recognition of his contributions to the knowledge of reservoir and well performance and to the effective teaching of their practical applications.
He was one of SPE’s first Distinguished Lecturers, in 1964–1965, and was described in the Society’s history of the program as an “industry luminary.” In 1991 he was designated an honorary member of SPE and AIME. His professional career had significant impact on the oil industry. He was instrumental in setting up the California Research Company in La Habra, which ultimately became the Chevron Oilfield Research Company, the research arm of Chevron Corporation.
His pioneering work on understanding the complex phase behavior of oilfield hydrocarbons, and describing them usefully with (relatively) straightforward correlations, formed the basis of oil and gas reservoir engineering from the 1940s until today. The “standing correlations” are still in use, although perhaps embedded in computer software rather than the charts and nomograms in which he published them originally.
“Muz,” as he was known to his friends, was an engineer’s engineer. He built his own airplane in his garage and flew it to meetings and for recreation. He owned a VW Beetle decades before automobile fuel efficiency was a public concern, and he kept it in pristine condition for many years doing all his own maintenance—even to the point of stitching the seat upholstery during a refurbishment. Clearly not just an “indoor” engineer, he was also a champion ski jumper in Utah in the early 1930s.
Known to his students as gruff and not easily impressed, he was in fact a very generous person with a genuine concern for other people. He wanted his students to understand fully, implement correctly, and make useful contributions to society. He, too, contributed; for example, after retirement he turned his interest (and his extensively equipped workshop) to the design and construction of aid devices for disabled people.