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  • This report, the latest in a series of biennial assessments of the scientific and technical quality of the Army Research Laboratory (ARL), summarizes findings for the 2007-2008 period, during which 95 volunteer experts in a variety of fields in science and engineering visited ARL annually, received formal presentations on technical work, examined facilities, engaged in technical discussions with ARL staff, and reviewed technical materials. The experts conclude that the overall quality of the ARL staff is impressive and that the work continues to be relevant to the Army's needs, with a clear focus on the needs of soldiers in the field. Although only two directorates have large program-support missions, all of them are mindful of the importance of transitioning technology to support the Army's immediate and near-term needs. ARL staff are also becoming more involved with the wider scientific and engineering community (e.g., monitoring developments, engaging in collaborative projects
    Laboratory Assessments Board Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences National Research Council
    ISBN: 978-0-309-14390-X5
  • Since 1996, the National Research Council (NRC) Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board (ARLTAB) has provided biannual assessments of the scientific and technical quality of the research, development, and analysis programs at the Army Research Laboratory (ARL).  ALTAB is assisted ...
    Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board
    ISBN: 0-309-21140-9
    Release Date: January 1, 2011
  • The NRC Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board (ARLTAB) provides biennial assessments of the scientific and technical quality of the research, development, and analysis programs at the Army Research Laboratory (ARL). For 2011–2012, ARL asked the board to examine crosscutting ...
    Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board; Laboratory Assessments Board; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Research Council
    ISBN: 978-0-309-26899-8
    Release Date: January 1, 2013
  • The NRC Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board (ARLTAB) provides biennial assessments of the scientific and technical quality of the research, development, and analysis programs at the Army Research Laboratory, focusing on ballistics sciences, human sciences, information sciences, ...
    Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board; Laboratory Assessments Board; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Research Council
    ISBN: 978-0-309-36832-2
    Release Date: January 1, 2015
  • The NRC Army Research Laboratory (ARL) Technical Assessment Board provides biennial assessments of the scientific and technical quality of ARL’s research, development, and analysis programs, focusing on ballistics sciences, human sciences, information sciences, materials sciences, and ...
    Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board; Laboratory Assessments Board; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Research Council
    ISBN: 978-0-309-29985-5
    Release Date: January 1, 2014
  • The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board (ARLTAB) provides biennial assessments of the scientific and technical quality of the research, development, and analysis programs at the Army Research Laboratory (ARL), ...
    Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board; Laboratory Assessments Board; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
    ISBN: 978-0-309-39207-5
    Release Date: January 1, 2016
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    National Academy of Engineering
    Release Date: February 1, 2016
  • The Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP), a program of the US Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology, is a national network of affiliated manufacturing extension centers and field offices, in the 50 states and Puerto Rico, that seeks to strengthen ...
    Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy; Policy and Global Affairs Division; National Research Council
    ISBN: 978-0-309-29117-0
    Release Date: January 1, 2013
  • Additive manufacturing has the potential to positively affect human spaceflight operations by enabling the in-orbit manufacture of replacement parts and tools, which could reduce logistics requirements for the International Space Station and future long-duration human space missions. Additive ...
    Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board; National Materials and Manufacturing Board; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Research Council
    ISBN: 978-0-309-31008-6
    Release Date: January 1, 2014
  • River and coastal floods are among the nation's most costly natural disasters. One component in the nation's approach to managing flood risk is availability of flood insurance policies, which are offered on an individual basis primarily through the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). ...
    Water Science and Technology Board; Division of Earth and Life Studies; Board on Mathematical Sciences and Their Applications; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
    ISBN: 978-0-309-37468-2
    Release Date: January 1, 2015
  • Information on job characteristics and the people who perform those jobs is valuable for career guidance, reemployment counseling, workforce development, human resource management, and other purposes. In 1998. the U.S. Department of Labor launched the Occupational Information Network (O*NET), ...
    Committee on National Statistics Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education National Research Council
    ISBN: 978-0-309-14769-9
  • This book provides an unparalleled dataset that can be used to assess the quality and effectiveness of doctoral programs based on measures important to faculty, students, administrators, funders, and other stakeholders. The data, collected for the 2005–2006 academic year from more than ...
    Policy and Global Affairs Division, National Research Council
    ISBN: 978-0-309-16030-8
    Release Date: January 1, 2011
  • The food industry is the largest sector of the US economy; food touches everything from human health to the environment, climate change, economic inequality, and the federal budget. The challenges of improving the food system in the 21st century will require systemic approaches that take full ...
    Environmental, and Social Effects of the Food System; Food and Nutrition Board; Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources; Institute of Medicine; National Research Council
    ISBN: 978-0-309-30780-2
    Release Date: January 1, 2015
  • Regulations governing chemical use often focus on widely used chemicals and acute human health effects of exposure to them as well as their potential to cause cancer and other adverse health effects. But there is increasing interest in approaches and policies to ensure that substances substituted ...
    Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology; Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology; Division on Earth and Life Studies; National Research Council
    ISBN: 978-0-309-31013-0
    Release Date: January 1, 2014
  • The National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) was created in 2000 to focus and coordinate nanoscience and nanotechnology research and development (R&D) funded by several federal agencies. The purpose of NNI is to ensure that research leads to the responsible development and deployment of nanotechnology for economic benefit and national security. In the 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act (P.L. 108-153), Congress directed the National Research Council to review the program every three years to monitor its overall progress. This report provides the results of the first review, which addresses the economic impact of nanotechnology developments and provides a benchmark for comparing U.S. R&D efforts to efforts by foreign competitors. In addition, the report provides an assessment of the current status of responsible development and a discussion of the feasibility of molecular self-assembly.
    National Materials Advisory Board Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences National Research Council
    ISBN: 0-309-10223-5
  • Recent advances in biology have increased the likelihood that the results of biological research can contribute to practical solutions to major challenges in the 21st century, particularly sustainable food production, ecosystem restoration, optimized biofuel production, and improved human health. The "new biology" recommended in this report is based on integrated efforts among biologists and close collaboration with physical, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians, and engineers. To be most effective, there must be coordinated efforts to leverage resources in the federal, private, and academic sectors.
    Board on Life Sciences Division on Earth and Life Studies National Research Council
    ISBN: 978-0-309-14488-9
  • The rapid pace at which digital printing is advancing is posing a very serious challenge to the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Bureau of Printing (BEP) to stay ahead of the evolving counterfeiting threats to U.S. currency. To help meet that challenge, the BEP asked the NRC to undertake an assessment of technologies and methods to produce designs to enhance the security of U.S. Federal Reserve notes (FRNs). This report presents the results of a systematic investigation of the trends in digital imaging and printing and how they enable emerging counterfeiting threats; the identification and analysis of new features of FRNs that could provide effective countermeasures to these threats; and an overview of a requirements-driven development process that could be adapted to develop an advanced-generation currency.
    Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences National Research Council
    ISBN: 0-309-10578-1
  • While a number of remarkable discoveries in astronomy and astrophysics have taken place over the past 20 years, many important questions remain. Continued progress in these fields will require NASA’s leadership. To help determine if NASA can meet this challenge, Congress, in the 2005 NASA ...
    Space Studies Board Board on Physics and Astronomy Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences National Research Council
    ISBN: 0-309-10490-4
  • In 2006, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) founded the Center of Excellence for Geospatial Information Science (CEGIS) to develop and distribute geospatial data in a way that meets national needs in our rapidly changing information-technology environment. USGS asked the National Research Council ...
    Board on Earth Sciences and Resources Division on Earth and Life Studies National Research Council
    ISBN: 0-309-11154-4
  • As an ITER partner, the United States will have an opportunity to explore, with ITER’S other partners, the frontiers of plasma science and to bring the promise of fusion energy closer to realization. Seven international partners, China, the European Union, India, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Russia, and the United States, representing more than half of the world population, will have access to the scientific results. The success of ITER will depend on each partner’s engagement in addressing the scientific and technological challenges of advancing our understanding of fusion. In this report, a National Research Council committee assesses the current U.S. Department of Energy’s plan for U.S. participation in ITER and recommends goals, procedures, and metrics to be included in future versions.
    Board on Physics and Astronomy Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences National Research Council
    ISBN: 978-0-309-12475-1
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