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This is the 23rd Volume in the series Memorial Tributes compiled by the National Academy of Engineering as a personal remembrance of the lives and outstanding achievements of its members and international members. These volumes are intended to stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineers and engineering to the benefit of humankind. In most cases, the authors of the tributes are contemporaries or colleagues who had personal knowledge of the interests and the engineering accomplishments of the deceased. Through its members and international members, the Academy...
This is the 23rd Volume in the series Memorial Tributes compiled by the National Academy of Engineering as a personal remembrance of the lives and outstanding achievements of its members and international members. These volumes are intended to stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineers and engineering to the benefit of humankind. In most cases, the authors of the tributes are contemporaries or colleagues who had personal knowledge of the interests and the engineering accomplishments of the deceased. Through its members and international members, the Academy carries out the responsibilities for which it was established in 1964.
Under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering was formed as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. Members are elected on the basis of significant contributions to engineering theory and practice and to the literature of engineering or on the basis of demonstrated unusual accomplishments in the pioneering of new and developing fields of technology. The National Academies share a responsibility to advise the federal government on matters of science and technology. The expertise and credibility that the National Academy of Engineering brings to that task stem directly from the abilities, interests, and achievements of our members and international members, our colleagues and friends, whose special gifts we remember in this book.
BY DON P. GIDDENS
ROBERT MICHAEL NEREM, an international leader in bioengineering and pioneer in developing the field of tissue engineering, died in Atlanta on March 6, 2020, after a long illness. He was 82 years old.
Bob was born in Evanston, Illinois, of Norwegian parents on July 20, 1937. He received his BS degree in aeronautical engineering from the University of Oklahoma in 1959 and pursued studies at the Ohio State University, where he earned MSc (1961) and PhD (1964) degrees in aeronautical and astronautical engineering. He then joined the OSU faculty as an assistant professor and advanced through the academic ranks, becoming full professor in 1972.
His early research was in hypersonic flow and heat transfer, but he developed an interest in applying fluid dynamics to medical problems. A stint as visiting professor in the Physiological Flow Studies Unit in the Department of Aeronautics at Imperial College London in 1970 proved to be pivotal, nurturing his newfound fascination with cardio vascular fluid dynamics.At that time, biomechanics was very much a developing field, and Bob was an early pioneer in applying engineering to medicine.
During the 1970s he completed his research transition to cardiovascular fluid dynamics, facilitated by visiting professorships at several leading international institutions. Seeking an environment where engineering and medicine could interface closely, he moved to the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Houston in 1979 as department chair and professor with an adjunct professor appointment in the Baylor College of Medicine.
But Bob was less interested in pursuing the traditional academic administrative path of department head, dean, and provost than in building bioengineering. So in 1987 he moved to Atlanta where Georgia Tech and Emory University were forming a cross-town alliance between engineering and medicine.
He accepted what was one of the first endowed chair professorships at Georgia Tech, the Parker H. Petit Distinguished Chair for Engineering in Medicine. Through his subsequent work with Georgia Tech colleagues, the Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience was formed in 1995 and served to bridge biomedical research across multiple schools of engineering and sciences. The Petit Institute was his comfort zone, his happy place.
He was proud of the institute building and its open design fostering collaboration, including the 24-foot-high “Cell Wall” mural of paneled images that bring to life the structural makeup of the biomolecular world. During the building’s design he insisted on having a spacious atrium with a coffee shop and inviting tables and couches as “important elements of this place and who we are.” The institute was his home base for the remainder of his career, even beyond his formal “retirement” as director in 2009.
Bob Nerem was never still for long. He was a builder at heart and had the vision to work beyond his personal research interests and university environs to help promote bioengineering as a blossoming field internationally.
At the time very few departments of bioengineering or biomedical engineering existed—most programs were housed in a “traditional” engineering department, such as mechanical, electrical, or chemical engineering. In fact, with few exceptions, most universities treated bioengineering as a subset of the traditional engineering disciplines, fearing that a bio engineer would be a “jack-of-all-trades but master of none.”
Bob was among a small group of academics whose research rigor was unquestioned and who saw the future of bio engineering as a self-standing engineering discipline. He and several colleagues worked quietly with support from the National Science Foundation to lay the groundwork for creating the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE), which focused on public policy issues; Bob became the founding president. He was also a key player in the recognition of bioengineering as its own section in the National Academy of Engineering and as a unit of the National Institutes of Health, the Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering.
Over more than 3 decades he engaged in a variety of activities of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, including the NAE’s Online Ethics Center Advisory Group (2014–19; cochair, 2019–20), the Division Committee for the Health and Medicine Division (2016–19), Committee on Responsible Science (chair, 2011–17), Board on Life Sciences (2009–15), Committee on Science, Engineering, Medicine, and Public Policy (2004–10), Division Committee on Engineering and Physical Sciences (2001–03), and Roundtable on Biomedical Engineering Materials and Applications (chair; 2000–03). He was also active in serving the NAE, as a member and/ or chair of the Bioengineering Peer Committee, Membership Policy Committee, NAE Council, Russ Prize Committee, and Nominating Committee, among others.
For his many professional accomplishments, Bob received numerous honors and awards. Among these were election to both the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine (now the National Academy of Medicine) and selection for the H.R. Lissner Award (1989) from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), AIMBE Pierre Galletti Award (2002), Award of Merit in biomedical engineering from the International Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering (IFMBE; 2003), Distinguished Service 218 MEMORIAL TRIBUTES Award of the Biomedical Engineering Society (2004), NAE Founders Award (2008), and the IFMBE’s first John A. Hopps Distinguished Service Award (2015). In recognition of his commitment to young people through education and mentoring, in 2017 ASME’s Bioengineering Division established the Robert M. Nerem Education and Mentorship Medal.
Bob was not a dispassionate professional. He often said “research, like life, is a people business,” and he spent most of his 56-year academic career proving the point. He was an exemplary mentor for students and younger colleagues. Many, many people credit him with infusing guiding principles into their careers. And he never met a stranger—he would enthusiastically strike up a conversation with an undergrad or fellow bioengineer (or perhaps a restaurant waiter), asking questions and connecting on a personal level.
His deep interest in young people took a new direction in 2013 when he founded Project ENGAGES (Engaging New Generations at Georgia Tech through Engineering and Science), a high school education program for underrepresented minority students that aimed “to inspire students to aspire to careers and possibilities greater than what was around them.” It was important to Bob that Project ENGAGES students work on cutting-edge research and be offered experiences that would enable them to make an impact on the world. Students from partner schools in Atlanta are immersed year-round in university lab environments to work on research projects and participate in enrichment programs.
Of all his achievements, Bob was most proud of Project ENGAGES. “He’d get tears in his eyes. He’d say, ‘I have all these honors and awards, but I love helping these young people of diversity,’” said Marilyn Nerem (née Reed), his wife of 41 years.
In addition to Marilyn, Bob is survived by his children R. Steven Nerem and Nancy Nerem Black; Marilyn’s children (his “bonus children”), Christy Maser and Carol Wilcox; and seven grandchildren.