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This is the 23rd Volume in the series Memorial Tributes compiled by the National Academy of Engineering as a personal remembrance of the lives and outstanding achievements of its members and international members. These volumes are intended to stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineers and engineering to the benefit of humankind. In most cases, the authors of the tributes are contemporaries or colleagues who had personal knowledge of the interests and the engineering accomplishments of the deceased. Through its members and international members, the Academy...
This is the 23rd Volume in the series Memorial Tributes compiled by the National Academy of Engineering as a personal remembrance of the lives and outstanding achievements of its members and international members. These volumes are intended to stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineers and engineering to the benefit of humankind. In most cases, the authors of the tributes are contemporaries or colleagues who had personal knowledge of the interests and the engineering accomplishments of the deceased. Through its members and international members, the Academy carries out the responsibilities for which it was established in 1964.
Under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering was formed as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. Members are elected on the basis of significant contributions to engineering theory and practice and to the literature of engineering or on the basis of demonstrated unusual accomplishments in the pioneering of new and developing fields of technology. The National Academies share a responsibility to advise the federal government on matters of science and technology. The expertise and credibility that the National Academy of Engineering brings to that task stem directly from the abilities, interests, and achievements of our members and international members, our colleagues and friends, whose special gifts we remember in this book.
BY KHALID AZIZ
DONALD WILLIAM PEACEMAN pioneered techniques for the numerical solution of partial differential equations and their application to modeling single and multiphase flows inpor ous media, known as petroleum reservoir simulation. He died June 19, 2017, at the age of 91.
Don was born in Miami, Florida, and grew up in Brooklyn, New York. He graduated from the City College of New York in 1947 and earned his doctorate in chemical engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1951. After graduation, he and his wife Ruth (née Klein) moved to Houston, where Don joined Humble Oil & Refining Company, at that time a subsidiary of Standard Oil of New Jersey. The latter became Esso and then Exxon, and the Research Division of Humble Oil evolved into Exxon Production Research Company; in 1998 Exxon merged with Mobil to form a new company called Exxon Mobil Corporation (ExxonMobil).
When Don started work, reservoir modeling consisted in the use of physical models to mimic the behavior of oil and gas reservoirs. Such models were very expensive to build and operate, and had very limited capabilities. In the early 1950s there were no real computers available to engineers, and techniques for solving nonlinear partial differential equations on computers did not exist. Don collaborated with George H. Bruce, Henry H. Rachford Jr., and John D. Rice to obtain the first numerical solution of a one-dimensional, single-phase, gas flow problem using an IBM 604 accounting machine. Their result was published in 1953,1 followed in 1955 by the publication (with Rachford) of a technique for solving two-and three-dimensional problems, known as the alternating direction method.2
Don made important contributions to the advancement of reservoir simulation technology throughout his life. One of his most significant later in life was on the modeling of wells in simulators. In a 1978 paper he showed how the pressure of a vertical well, which is generally only a few inches in diameter, is related to the pressure of the surrounding grid block that is typically orders of magnitude larger than the well. In subsequent papers he generalized this model, and it is now the standard approach in virtually every commercial reservoir simulator.
Don published over 100 papers and the book Fundamentals of Numerical Reservoir Simulation (Elsevier Scientific Publishing, 1977), the first comprehensive treatment of numerical methods for solving equations describing flow in porous media. This book is still in use by industry and academia.
After his retirement from ExxonMobil in 1986 Don continued to consult for the petroleum industry and participated extensively in professional conferences. His last paper appeared in 1993 on the modeling of horizontal wells in reservoir simulation.3
The technologies Don helped launch in the early 1950s are now essential tools for managing the world’s petroleum production systems. His significant contributions were recognized through his election to the NAE as well as a number of honors from the Society of Petroleum Engineers: the Robert Earll McConnell Award (1979), Reservoir Description and Dynamics Award (1985), Anthony F. Lucas Gold Medal (1991), and honorary membership (2005).
Don is survived by daughter Caren Cowan and her husband David, son Alan Peaceman and his wife Karen; grand-children Michael Cowan (wife Jennifer), Steven Cowan, Sarah Peaceman (husband Hal Dworkin), Daniel Peaceman (wife Aviel), and Claire Peaceman; and a great-granddaughter. Ruth died December 20, 2010.
1 Bruce GH, Peaceman DW, Rachford HH Jr, Rice JD. 1953. Calculations of unsteady-state gas flow through porous media. Journal of Petroleum Technology 5(3).
2 Peaceman DW, Rachford HH Jr. 1955. The numerical solution of parabolic and elliptic differential equations. Journal of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics 3(1):28–41.
3 Peaceman DW. 1993. Representation of a horizontal well in numerical reservoir simulation. SPE Advanced Technology Series 1(01).