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This is the 24th Volume in the series Memorial Tributes compiled by the National Academy of Engineering as a personal remembrance of the lives and outstanding achievements of its members and international members. These volumes are intended to stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineers and engineering to the benefit of humankind. In most cases, the authors of the tributes are contemporaries or colleagues who had personal knowledge of the interests and the engineering accomplishments of the deceased. Through its members and international members, the Academy...
This is the 24th Volume in the series Memorial Tributes compiled by the National Academy of Engineering as a personal remembrance of the lives and outstanding achievements of its members and international members. These volumes are intended to stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineers and engineering to the benefit of humankind. In most cases, the authors of the tributes are contemporaries or colleagues who had personal knowledge of the interests and the engineering accomplishments of the deceased. Through its members and international members, the Academy carries out the responsibilities for which it was established in 1964.
Under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering was formed as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. Members are elected on the basis of significant contributions to engineering theory and practice and to the literature of engineering or on the basis of demonstrated unusual accomplishments in the pioneering of new and developing fields of technology. The National Academies share a responsibility to advise the federal government on matters of science and technology. The expertise and credibility that the National Academy of Engineering brings to that task stem directly from the abilities, interests, and achievements of our members and international members, our colleagues and friends, whose special gifts we remember in this book.
BY JAN C. SCHILLING
THOMAS LEE HAMPTON loved the aviation industry and spent his career advancing the state of the art of aircraft engine design and structural integrity. He passed away October 4, 2017, at the age of 86, in Jupiter, Florida.
Tom was born January 24, 1931, in Covington, Kentucky. He received a bachelor of science degree in aeronautical engineering from the University of Notre Dame in 1952 and a master of science in aerospace engineering from the University of Cincinnati in 1968.
He started his career in 1952 at McDonnell Aircraft and then in 1955 joined General Electric Aircraft Engines in Evendale, Ohio. During his 26 years at GE, he progressed from working as a structural designer to managing a number of units: Advanced Structures, Advanced Fans and Compressors, GE F101 Hot Section, and, finally, Energy Efficient Engine.
In 1981 he moved to Pratt & Whitney Government Properties Division of United Technologies Corporation as director of propulsion technology and chief engineer. In 1989 he became director of engine design and chief engineer responsible for military aircraft and rocket mechanical design and technology. Upon retiring from P&W in 1993, he became an independent consultant in engine design until 2002.
Tom’s professional experiences spanned concept to production to fielded engines. At GE he developed structural analysis methods for determining the axial stiffness of strutted frames and for variable vane actuation systems. These methods were used during the early days of modern jet engine design, until the development of modern computational methods. Under Tom’s leadership of the Advanced Fan and Compressors unit, a Kevlar fan blade containment case was developed for the CF6-80 engine, which reduced containment structural weight and all major structural components, including aircraft mounting, that are limited by a blade release event.
At P&W Tom made a number of significant contributions. He conceived unique structural designs in support of the F100-PW-229 increased thrust engine for installation on F-16 and F-15 aircraft. He supported the redesign of the F100-PW-220 compressor variable stator vane actuation system to reduce hysteresis and wear, enabling the engine to achieve both operability and durability requirements. He directed the turbomachinery structural design configuration of the F119-PW-100 advanced tactical fighter engine for F-22 aircraft, resulting in fewer turbomachinery stages, bearing compartments, and frames, leading to reduced weight and cost.
Tom was an excellent mentor for young engineers. He always approached designs or problems with designs using engineering first principles. He maintained a positive attitude even in exceptionally challenging situations. In the early years of component design, general design rules were not as established as they are today. If there was a failure, Tom would look at it as a learning experience and make it a priority not to repeat the mistake by documenting the learning in the company’s design practices. This was done at both GE and P&W for frame structures, engine mounting, stator case construction, and variable stator actuation systems.
In addition to his NAE membership, he was an associate fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) and a member of SAE. He served on the Air Force Ordinance and Propulsion Committee (1997), Air Force Research in Aero Propulsion Technology Advisory Board (1984–92; chair, 1989), and University of Florida Engineering Advisory Council. In retirement, he was a consultant to the USAF Independent Review Team for the F119 engine and USAF Materials Lab, and chair of the F119 Fan Blade Independent Review Team and the Integrated High-Performance Turbine Engine Technology Industry Panel. Tom had several publications through AIAA/SAE/ASME related to the design and durability of engines.
Well recognized for his knowledge and approach to solving problems, Tom was sought after as a chief engineer and consultant, positions that require one to maintain engineering integrity and product safety at the highest level and to work with diverse internal and external experts. His topnotch technical mind, credibility, and demeanor were ideally suited to these roles.
In retirement Tom enjoyed travel, boating, and gardening.
His wife Edith (née Archambeult) predeceased him in 2006. They were married for 53 years and are survived by their two children, Kathy Lynn Neuman (of Cincinnati) and Kevin Lee Hampton (of Covington, KY), seven grandchildren, and nine great-grandchildren.