This book provides an unparalleled dataset that can be used to assess the quality and effectiveness of doctoral programs based on measures important to faculty, students, administrators, funders, and other stakeholders. The data, collected for the 2005–2006 academic year from more than 5,000 doctoral programs at 212 universities, covers 62 fields. Included for each program are such characteristics as faculty publications, grants, and awards; student GRE scores, financial support, and employment outcomes; and program size, time to degree, and faculty composition. Measures of faculty and student diversity are also included. The book features analysis of selected findings across six broad fields: (1) agricultural sciences, (2) biological and health sciences, (3) engineering, (4) physical and mathematical sciences, (5) social and behavioral sciences, and (6) humanities, as well as a discussion of trends in doctoral education since the last assessment in 1995, and suggested uses of the data. Included with the book is a comprehensive CD-ROM with a data table in Microsoft Excel.