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When Leland Clark, Jr. started high school and discovered that science was an academic discipline, complete with course work, lab sessions, and grades, he said, “It was like discovering that you could get a grade for eating chocolate ice cream.”
One of the few students to score a perfect 100 on the New York State Regents science exam, Dr. Clark attended Antioch College and the University of Rochester School of Medicine. Later, he taught at Antioch, the University of Cincinnati, and the University of Alabama.
Clark has more than 80 inventions to his name – with medical applications that range from emergency care to molecular research. In addition to the Clark Oxygen Electrode, he developed the first heartlung machine that could be completely disassembled and sterilized, as well as the technology behind the glucose biosensor used by millions of diabetics and other patients every day.
For more than 30 years, Dr. Clark has pursued his dream of creating artificial blood. While making notable progress toward a solution, that technology remains in the very early stages of development.
In 1985, Leland Clark received the American Physiological Society’s Hyrovsky Award, in recognition of the invention of the membrane polarographic oxygen electrode. He is a member of NAE, National Association for Biomedical Research, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.