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As founder and manager of the Computer Science Laboratory at Xerox PARC from 1970 through 1983, Mr. Robert W. Taylor recruited fellow Draper Prize recipients Kay, Lampson, and Thacker, in addition to the industry-leading cast of talented computer researchers that came after them at Xerox PARC. An acknowledged genius at assembling outstanding teams of researchers, suggesting avenues of exploration and motivating colleagues to push the technological envelope, Mr. Taylor was instrumental in creating PARC’s exceptional record of innovation and accomplishment.
Before Xerox PARC, Mr. Taylor was Director of the Information Processing Techniques Office of ARPA in the Department of Defense, where he supported key research underlying much of the fundamental technology in today’s computer industry. While there, he initiated a project to build the first packet network, the ARPANet, which would become the direct ancestor of today’s Internet. In 1983, Mr. Taylor founded the Systems Research Center of the Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), which he managed until his retirement in 1996.
Mr. Taylor is a Fellow of the ACM and received its Software Systems Award in 1984. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1991. In 1999, the President of the United States awarded him the National Medal of Technology "for visionary leadership in the development of modern computing technology, including computer networks, the personal computer and the graphical user interface"
Mr. Robert W. Taylor was born in Texas in 1932. He earned his bachelor of arts and master of arts degrees from The University of Texas