Reports

Studies and programs related to engineering and technology cut across the many operational units of The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The results of these activities are published as reports and proceedings that add to the growing body of knowledge on engineering and technology practice and policy.

You can order these publications or read them online at the website of the National Academies Press. Most reports are available as free PDFs.

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Past Volumes
Memorial Tributes
  • This is the 21st Volume in the series Memorial Tributes compiled by the National Academy of Engineering as a personal remembrance of the lives and outstanding achievements of its members and foreign members. These volumes are intended to stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of ...
Past Volumes
NAE Annual Report
  • Provides details on the scope and depth of NAE work performed in 2016. These activities have been conceived and executed to pursue our goal of providing objective, independent advice to the federal government and the engineering community and to proactively promote the technological welfare of the nation.

  • ISBN978-0-309-27261-2
    Copyright2013
    Air Force weapon system sustainment (WSS) costs are growing at more than 4 percent per year, while budgets have remained essentially flat. The cost growth is due partly to aging of the aircraft fleet and partly to the cost of supporting higher-performance aircraft and the new capabilities of more ...
    Authoring institutionAir Force Studies Board; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Research Council
    Publication DateJanuary 1, 2013
  • ISBN0-309-11697-X
    Copyright2008
    NASA has asked the Space Studies Board (SSB) of the NRC to examine issues related to space science and technology through a series of three workshops. The first of these was held in November 2007 in conjunction with another workshop being held jointly by the SSB and ASEB to assess U.S. civil space ...
    Authoring institutionSpace Studies Board Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences National Research Council
  • ISBN978-0-309-28497-4
    Copyright2013
    The United States holds a large amount of untapped wind energy, both land-based and offshore, but the strongest and most consistent winds are far from population centers that could benefit from the electricity produced. Although offshore wind development could supply energy to nearby population ...
    Authoring institutionTransportation Research Board
    Publication DateApril 10, 2013
  • ISBN978-0-309-25972-9
    Copyright2012
    After the National Weather Service (NWS) completed a major Modernization and Associated Restructuring (MAR) in 2000, Congress asked the National Academy of Sciences to assess the execution of the MAR and compare its promised benefits to its actual impact. The resulting report, The National ...
    Authoring institutionBoard on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate; Division on Earth and Life Studies; National Research Council
    Publication DateJanuary 1, 2012
  • ISBN978-0-309-25749-7
    Copyright2012
    Expanding the reuse of treated wastewater for beneficial purposes such as irrigation, industrial use, and drinking water augmentation could significantly increase the nation’s total available water resources. This report describes treatment options to mitigate water quality issues in ...
    Authoring institutionWater Science and Technology Board;Division on Earth and Life Studies;National Research Council;
    Publication DateJuly 17, 2012
  • ISBN0-309-09945-5
    Copyright2005
    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) recently completed a feasibility study for the Upper Mississippi River-Illinois Waterway, one of the longest and most complicated studies in its history. The first two reports by this National Research Council (NRC) Water Science and Technology Board ...
    Authoring institutionWater Science and Technology Board Division on Earth and Life Studies Transportation Research Board
  • ISBN0-309-11361-X
    Copyright2007
    The increased production of corn-based ethanol in the United States and research into the next generation of biofuels has raised concerns about their potential impacts on water resources. This report, based in part on a colloquium held on July 12, 2007, concludes that, if projections of increases ...
    Authoring institutionWater Science and Technology Board Division on Earth and Life Studies National Research Council
  • ISBN0-309-09293-0
    Copyright2005
    In December 2002, a group of specialists on water resources from the United States and Iran met in Tunis, Tunisia, for an interacademy workshop on water resources management, conservation, and recycling. This was the fourth interacademy workshop on a variety of topics held in 2002. Tunis was ...
    Authoring institutionIn cooperation with the Academy of Sciences of the Islamic Republic of Iran Office for Central Europe and Eurasia, Policy and Global Affairs, National Research Council
  • ISBN0-309-18733-8
    Copyright2011
    The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM) is responsible for cleaning up radioactive waste and environmental contamination resulting from five decades of nuclear weapons production and testing.  A major focus of this program involves the retrieval, processing, ...
    Authoring institutionNuclear and Radiation Studies Board Division on Earth and Life Studies
    Publication DateJanuary 1, 2011
  • ISBN978-0-309-11379-3
    Copyright2008
    Unless major changes are made, the current air transportation system will not be able to accommodate the expected increase in demand by 2025. One proposal for addressing this problem is to use the Global Positioning System to enable aircraft to fly with less space between them. The effectiveness ...
    Authoring institutionAeronautics and Space Engineering Board Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences National Research Council
  • ISBN978-0-309-45412-4
    Copyright2017
    Volcanic eruptions are common, with more than 50 volcanic eruptions in the United States alone in the past 31 years. These eruptions can have devastating economic and social consequences, even at great distances from the volcano. Fortunately many eruptions are preceded by unrest that can be ...
    Authoring institutionBoard on Earth Sciences and Resources; Division on Earth and Life Studies; National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
    Publication DateJanuary 1, 2017
  • ISBN978-0-309-32490-8
    Copyright2015
    Thousands of measures are used to assess health and health care in the United States. Although many provide useful information, their sheer number and lack of focus, consistency, and organization limit their overall effectiveness in improving health system performance. To achieve better health at ...
    Authoring institutionInstitute of Medicine
    Publication DateMarch 31, 2015
  • ISBN0-309-09722-3
    Copyright2006
    Scientists and engineers have long relied on imaging techniques to study objects invisible to the naked eye. Now they are pushing the limits of technology in pursuit of chemical imaging—techniques of visualizing molecular structures and chemical composition in time and space as they actually ...
    Authoring institutionBoard on Chemical Sciences and Technology Division on Earth and Life Studies National Research Council
  • ISBN978-0-309-29112-5
    Copyright2013
    The World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC) of delegations from over 140 nations is organized by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) to negotiate proposals to change international radio spectrum regulations. Proposals, referred to as agenda items, are specific and concern narrow but ...
    Authoring institutionBoard on Physics and Astronomy; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Research Council
    Publication DateJanuary 1, 2013
  • ISBN0-309-16105-3
    Copyright2011
    The passive, receive-only Radio Astronomy Service (RAS) and the Earth Exploration-Satellite Service (EESS) provide otherwise impossible scientific observations of the Universe and Earth through the use of advanced receiver technology with extreme sensitivity and the employment of complex noise ...
    Authoring institutionBoard on Physics and Astronomy Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
    Publication DateJanuary 1, 2011
  • ISBN978-0-309-38066-9
    Copyright2016
    From 1962 to 1971, the US military sprayed herbicides over Vietnam to strip the thick jungle canopy that could conceal opposition forces, to destroy crops that those forces might depend on, and to clear tall grasses and bushes from the perimeters of US base camps and outlying fire-support bases. ...
    Authoring institution Board on the Health of Select Populations; Institute of Medicine; National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
    Publication DateJanuary 1, 2016
  • ISBN978-0-309-15211-2
    Copyright2010
    The world's nations are moving toward agreements that will bind us together in an effort to limit future greenhouse gas emissions. With such agreements will come the need for all nations to make accurate estimates of greenhouse gas emissions and to monitor changes over time. In this context, the ...
    Authoring institutionBoard on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate Division on Earth and Life Studies National Research Council
  • ISBN978-0-309-45420-9
    Copyright2017
    The social cost of carbon (SC-CO2) is an economic metric intended to provide a comprehensive estimate of the net damages - that is, the monetized value of the net impacts, both negative and positive - from the global climate change that results from a small (1-metric ton) increase in ...
    Authoring institutionBoard on Environmental Change and Society; Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education; National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
    Publication DateJanuary 1, 2017
  • ISBN0-309-10413-0
    Copyright2007
    Toxicogenomic technologies could improve scientists' understanding of the health effects of exposures to chemicals in the environment by enabling researchers to study the genes expressed and the proteins and metabolites produced in response to a particular substance. This report summarizes a ...
    Authoring institutionBoard on Environmental Studies and Toxicology Board on Life Sciences Division on Earth and Life Studies National Research Council